The name Petrus Romanus
Peter the Roman will pasture his sheep in the midst of many tribulations, and when these things are finished, the city of seven hills [i.e. Rome] will be destroyed. And the dreaded Judge will judge His people. The End.
The first curious thing that would call one's attention, although it is easily overlooked, is that the oracle refers to the Roman Catholic Church exclusively as the only one it recognizes. The Prophecy belongs to the Twelfth Century (circa 1140), when the Eastern Schism or Great Schism –the first most important schism—had already ended (1054). And we must also consider the terrible catastrophe caused later by the Protestant Reformation and the innumerable Protestant sects that separated themselves from the true Church. Nevertheless, the text of Saint Malachy does not consider the Catholic Church as simply one in which the Church of Christ subsists, as indeed does Vatican II (Constitution Lumen Gentium, n. 8).
It is known that post-conciliar doctrines have put aside the traditional understanding of the Church as the One, Holy, Catholic, Apostolic and Roman Church in order to legitimize new doctrines that consider sects and schismatic Movements as true Churches and, therefore, as valid means of salvation (clearly alien to the centuries-old traditional Magisterium in this regard). The proof that the Prophecy acknowledges the Catholic Church as the one and only true Church –it does not even give consideration to any other Churches— is its reference to the Roman Church by way of mentioning the city of seven hills. It is true that from the foundation of Christianity –beginning with the Apocalypse of Saint John— local communities were called Churches. But the term referred exclusively, as we have said, to the Christian communities scattered far and wide and never meant the Church as a whole.
The name Petrus Romanus
We mentioned above that Pope Francis asserts that authority in the Church must be exercised in a synodal way, with greater participation by Bishops and Episcopal Conferences in the Supreme Government of the Petrine Office. Pope Francis thus advances an overture that began with John XXIII and was shared by Paul VI, John Paul II, and Benedict XVI. This topic, in fact, seems to be connected with the revolutionary idea of ecumenism, as newly formulated by the Second Vatican Council and adopted without hesitation by the post-conciliar Church. The latter maintains that many faithful think that the role played so far by past Popes is the main obstacle to the union of all Christians.
An example of the new way of administering the Petrine Office which Pope Francis seems to have adopted is the recent appointment of eight Cardinals as an advisory board to assist the Pope in governing the Church. It is hard not to see here another attempt at promoting a form of collegial –or synodal, to use Pope Francis' own words— discharge of Papal authority. But advisors and assistants have always been available to the Popes; so one might wonder about the motivation behind the idea of organizing them into an assemblage having a collegial structure.