But ultimately, what this vast majority of clergy were accomplishing, perhaps without many of them realizing it (again the giant puppet theater), was but the much-vaunted attitude of protest. If this appreciation is true, we are confronting rebellion again. Now, we might ask, against which or against whom has this revolt been directed in this case . . . ? And the answer, again, is not hard to find. This time, the protest has targeted a set of ideas that can be summarized under the heading –also designed by these rebels— the gentrification of the Church. In other words and briefer: against the Church.
What is not appears as what is, and vice versa — in short, farce; consciously or unconsciously looked for, but theater after all; which in turn becomes puppet theater.
Today, everyone has some idea of the connotation attributed to a flock of sheep. They are peaceful animals assembled in herds, apparently unable to live alone, which have become a symbol for what the world often calls having a sheep-like attitude; a near synonym of becoming a commonplace (which involves the loss of one’s own personality) or one-of-the-masses (only one among a mass of citizens handled at will by the System). Indeed the sociological concept of mass and the social trend to which it relates are fairly modern. But mass should not be mistaken for social class; for the notion of mass normally may include several social classes at once or only one. Masses, of course, have always been manipulated by Political Powers, frequently despotic, to a greater or lesser degree; although some of these Powers, likely only a small number of them, have indeed worked honestly for the common good. Unfortunately, one must admit that good rulers have not been plentiful in the history of mankind. In any case, Political Powers have never before manipulated the masses so systematically, scientifically, contemptuously, and unconcernedly with regard to the welfare of the citizens, as they do today. That is why we have said that the concepts of mass and social class belong rather to modernity. The Revolt of the Masses, in the words of Ortega y Gasset, belongs to a utopian world. The truth is that normally masses neither rebel on their own nor do they govern the world — let alone themselves. It is the System and its propped-up intellectual apparatus that provoke and lead rebellions; which is precisely opposite to what Ortega thought and considered desirable. It is clear, however, that these rebellions are never truly such, in the sense that they are often nothing more than a concert of bleating stirred up when it suits by those whom it suits. The whole thing is but a puppet show where the puppets, of course, forget that they are stooges, for they lack the ability to think and make decisions; they simply act in accord with the wishes of those who move them, which is the only thing left for them to do.